Nice Image Halley type


The Halley map is an algorithm used to find the roots of polynomial equations by successive "guesses" that converge on the correct value as you feed the results of each approximation back into the formula. It works very well -- unless you are unlucky enough to pick a value that is on a line BETWEEN two actual roots. In that case, the sequence explodes into chaos, with results that diverge more and more wildly as you continue the iteration.

This fractal type shows the results for the polynomial Z(Z^a - 1), which has a+1 roots in the complex plane. Use the [T]ype command and enter "halley" in response to the prompt. You will be asked for a parameter, the "order" of the equation (an integer from 2 through 10 -- 2 for Z(Z^2 - 1), 7 for Z(Z^7 - 1), etc.). A second parameter is the relaxation coefficient, and is used to control the convergence stability. A number greater than one increases the chaotic behavior and a number less than one decreases the chaotic behavior. The third parameter is the value used to determine when the formula has converged. The test for convergence is ||Z(n+1)|^2 - |Z(n)|^2| < epsilon. This convergence test produces the whisker-like projections which generally point to a root.

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Noel Giffin,